Normal Sugar Ranges And Diabetes

The normal range for fasting blood sugar is anything from 3.0 to 6.0 mmol/L. If you have not fasted, the normal range for random blood sugar is between 3.0 and 7.8 mmol/L.

If you take insulin and use it to treat high blood sugar levels, you can easily end up overcompensating and developing low blood sugars (hypoglycaemia). If you develop a low level, it’s easy to overeat and end up with high blood sugars (hyperglycaemia) again.

Large fluctuations in blood sugars may make you feel terrible and are bad for your long-term health, since they put a significant demand on the glands responsible for sugar regulation.

Significant hyperglycaemia can lead to emergency complications such as diabetic ketoacidosis or diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome. Persistent hyperglycaemia puts you at increased risk for long-term complications such as cardiovascular disease, nerve damage, blindness or kidney failure.

Hypoglycaemia results in an inadequate supply of glucose to the brain and leads to a considerable amount of malfunction. Hypoglycaemia can cause a number unpleasant symptoms, and it can also lead to comas and seizures.

Frequent testing and recording of your blood glucose values will expose patterns and make it easier for you and your health care team to control your diabetes